LEGISLATION IN BRAZIL

The national legislation for the solid residues no 12.305/10 (Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos – PNRS) has ambitious targets, but there are severe delays in its implementation (supposed to be August 2014), there are still open dumps in all regions of Brazil.



MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE

  • Brazil is generating annually 80 million tons municipal solid waste (MSW)
    • 7 million tons not collected at all
    • 30 million tons end up in inadequate ”controlled dumps”
    • The size of the market is 26 billion R$
  • 50 % of unsorted MSW is consisting of organic waste, which should be used for biogas production
  • Less than 5 % of MSW is recycled

CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION WASTE (RCD)

  • Municipalities are collecting annually 45 million tons construction and demolition waste
  • Over 50 % of 5.500 Brazilian cities dispose construction waste into open dumps
  • About 20 % of the construction waste is recycled

ELECTRONIC WASTE – WEEE

  • Brazil is producing annually over 500.000 tons electric and electronic waste WEEE, 2-3 % recycled, only
  • A target of the National Legislation for the Solid Residues (PNRS) is to establish in 5 years WEEE recycling centers in municipalities, which have more than 80.000 inhabitants.
  • ABINEE (the Brazilian Association of the Electronics Industries) is negotiating with the Government of the procedures of Reverse Logistics (Logística Reversa)

EFFLUENTS

  • 34 million Brazilians don ́t have sanitary infrastructure
  • 56% of households are not connected to the sewage system
  • 28% of municipalities don ́t treat sewage properly
  • Water and sewage will require R$ 420 billion investments by 2030